Tick Borne Encephalitis is a viral infection that is spread via the bites of ticks. The disease can cause inflammation of the brain which can result in permanent brain damage and death
Countries at risk Tick Borne Encephalitis is predominantly found in rural areas of Central, Northern & Eastern Europe. It is also found in parts of Russia and East Asia
Tick Borne Encephalitis is transmitted by the bite of infected ticks. It is therefore very important to be protected with a DEET based insect repellent. It is also important to take a tick remover device to remove any ticks that are on the skin
Initial symptoms of Tick Borne Encephalitis are similar to flu symptoms and can include a high temperature, headache and muscle pains. These symptoms usually last for up to eight days with most people making a recovery after this time period. In certain individuals the infection can spread to the brain leading to seizures, confusion and paralysis. There is no cure for Tick Borne Encephalitis and treatments aim to relieve symptoms until the infections passes
The vaccination consists of three doses with the second dose given a month after the first and the third dose given five to twelve months after the second. An accelerated schedule can be given to individuals that need it, with the second dose given two weeks after the first which covers individuals for their upcoming trip. The third dose can then be given five to twelve months after the second.
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